The market for liquefied natural gas (LNG) is about to undergo a dramatic expansion. Today, there are about 30 LNG terminals in Europe and more are planned. This will increase the fuel supply and facilitate bunkering. The demand for LNG is expected to double by 2020.
Liquefied natural gas is one of the alternative fuels in which the European Union has chosen to invest, in order to end our dependence on oil. To meet the growing demand, new options for refuelling are needed, so called bunkering, throughout Europe. The EU’s goal is that there will be LNG satellite terminals in all 139 ports included in the EU’s core network for transport before 2025.
Directive 2012/33/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 November 2012 amending Council directive 1999/32/EC as regards the sulphur content of marine fuels.
Directive 2012/33/EU specifies the maximum sulphur content of marine fuel oils, and also specifies the methods to be used to measure the sulphur levels in both marine and motor fuels.
Directive 2014/94/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 October 2014 on the Deployment of Alternative Fuels Infrastructure.
Directive 2014/94/EU sets a common framework of measures for the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure in the European Union in order to minimize dependence on oil and to mitigate the environmental impact of transport. Minimum requirements for the building-up of alternative fuels infrastructure include and refuelling points for natural gas (LNG and CNG) and hydrogen.
LNG (liquefied natural gas) is liquid methane. When the natural gas is cooled to about –160°C, it condenses into a liquid. The volume is decreased 600 times, enabling more energy to be stored in the tank. This makes LNG highly suitable for powering fuel-intensive ships. Access to LNG is also a prerequisite for building a market and infrastructure for renewable biogas.
LBG (liquefied biogas), like LNG, is liquid methane and can therefore complement and, in the long term, replace LNG.
An LNG ship can be bunkered by:
In Sweden, there are currently two LNG terminals, in Nynäshamn and in Lysekil. More are planned, including in Gothenburg, Gävle and Helsingborg. In Poland, Lithuania, and Finland, new LNG terminals are ready, and Estonia also has well-developed building plans.
The unique bunkering of the Baltic Sea’s first LNG powered cruise ship, Viking Grace, is performed using the gas supplier Aga’s bunkering vessel Seagas. The liquefied natural gas comes from the LNG terminal in Nynäshamn, which in turn imports gas from Norway, as well as other sources, by tanker.
MannTek LNG transfer systems feature simple ease of use and safe and reliable designs. All components in the system are designed or carefully selected with safety as the highest concern. The simplicity and reliability of our components lead to the highest safety level. This, combined with our vast experience in the majority of LNG bunkering projects around the world and our participation in the leading regulatory and trade associations, ensures the final product is both cutting edge, employs the most current knowledge and meets today’s compliance level.
LNG Ship bunkering at Harvey Gulf, Port Fourchon in Louisiana.
The LNG transfer system and LNG bunkering system offerings today covers any application and usage you can think of such as LNG transfers for: