Container volumes fell by as much as 10% at the port last year and a prolonged decline has seen it fall from the busiest container port in the world in 2004 to just the fifth currently ranked by annual throughput.
Jessie Chung, chairperson of the HKCTOA, stated: “There is an urgent need for additional barge berths and back-up land for handling the high barge and transhipment volumes, which occupy space in the terminals for longer periods of time than truck based cargo.”
“More ultra-large vessels berthing, alliance restructuring and additional transhipment volumes have increased the operational complexity that we all face,” she added.
Kwai Tsing Container Port has seen a rising share of vessel-to-vessel transhipment volumes from 44.9% in 2005 to 58.7% in 2015 and the increase in river-based container traffic in the Pearl River Delta from 2m teu in 2005 to 2.8m teu in 2015.
The Hong Kong government’s proposals, released in mid-2015, outlined the first phase in raising the yard to berth ratio of Kwai Tsing Container Port from 11.6 ha to 12.4 ha, per berth.
“The current yard to berth ratio is far below the international standards, in this regard, every bit of land is particularly important to our operational efficiency,” noted a statement from the HKCTOA.
The land optimisation and other infrastructure initiatives that the industry originally proposed would enlarge the total storage area and increase annual capacity by 3-4m teu, equivalent to an additional three or four new container berths.
The maritime and port industries contribute 1.2% HK$2bn (US$260m) to Hong Kong’s GDP, and provide 92,000 jobs contributing to 2.5% of its total employment.
Source: Container Management